发布日期:2015-10-23 17:22 来源: 标签: web安全 Apache教程 Apache搭建各个站点 Apache
Apache的虚拟主机是一种允许在同一台机器上配置多个不同站点的web服务器环境的,就是iis一样可以创建多站点了,但是apache需要在编辑状态操作,不能像windows iis直接点击几下就好了,下面我来给各位介绍配置方法。
最平常的大概有3种方法。
第一种:单IP不同端口
第二种:多IP同端口(独立IP的虚拟空间)
第三种:域名绑定根目录的方式(共享IP的虚拟空间)
Apache的核心配置文件名是”httpd.conf”,其所存放的路径在Apache目录下的conf文件夹下。修改它只需要使用记事本(建议使用其他编辑器,带行数的那种,方便修改),生效的话只需要保存httpd.conf,重启apache即可。
下面多站点支持的话,修改httpd.conf的第187~264行(不同的httpd.conf可能有差异),也就是在ServerAdmin和ServerName那里,大部分是注释。下面是主要修改的地方。
注意:如果是服务器请备份httpd.conf后再修改文件。
代码如下:
# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#
#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin admin@example.com
#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
ServerName www.example.com:80
#
# Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other
# <Directory> blocks below.
#
<Directory />
    AllowOverride All
    Require all denied
</Directory>
#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#
#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "g:/www"
<Directory "g:/www">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride All
    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Require all granted
</Directory>

第一种一般是测试环境,毕竟加了端口,如何绑定域名,访问的时候域名后面也需加端口。
例子分别通过80和8080访问不同的根目录。
大概在50几行有个Listen 80,在下面添加8080端口。
代码如下
Listen 80
Listen 8080<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin admin@myxzy.com
    ServerName localhost:80
    DocumentRoot "g:/www1"
     <Directory "g:/www1">
     Options  Indexes FollowSymLinks
     AllowOverride All
     Require all granted
   </Directory>  
</VirtualHost>
<VirtualHost *:8080>
    ServerAdmin admin@myxzy.com
    ServerName localhost:8080 
    DocumentRoot "g:/www2"
   <Directory "g:/www2">
     Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
     AllowOverride All
     Require all granted
   </Directory>      
</VirtualHost>

第二种多IP同端口。
IP地址1:192.168.2.2
IP地址2:192.168.1.68
端口同是80端口。
代码如下:
<VirtualHost 192.168.1.68:80>
    ServerAdmin admin@myxzy.com
    ServerName localhost:80
    DocumentRoot "g:/www1"
     <Directory "g:/www1">
     Options FollowSymLinks
     AllowOverride All
     Require all granted
   </Directory>  
</VirtualHost>
<VirtualHost 192.168.2.2:80>
    ServerAdmin admin@myxzy.com
    ServerName localhost:80
    DocumentRoot "g:/www2"
   <Directory "g:/www2">
     Options FollowSymLinks
     AllowOverride All
     Require all granted
   </Directory>      
</VirtualHost>

第三种同IP不同域名和根目录(域名的话修改本地host演示)。
代码如下
<VirtualHost 192.168.2.2:80>
    ServerAdmin admin@myxzy.com
    ServerName www.111cn.net
    DocumentRoot "g:/www1"
     <Directory "g:/www1">
     Options FollowSymLinks
     AllowOverride All
     Require all granted
   </Directory>  
</VirtualHost>
<VirtualHost 192.168.2.2:80>
    ServerAdmin admin@myxzy.com
    ServerName www.111cn.net
    DocumentRoot "g:/www2"
   <Directory "g:/www2">
     Options FollowSymLinks
     AllowOverride All
     Require all granted
   </Directory>      
</VirtualHost>

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专题信息
    Apache是世界使用排名第一的Web服务器软件。它可以运行在几乎所有广泛使用的计算机平台上,由于其跨平台和安全性被广泛使用,是最流行的Web服务器端软件之一。它快速、可靠并且可通过简单的API扩充,将Perl/Python等解释器编译到服务器中。本教程主要介绍了Apache安装、Apache环境配置、Apache搭建网站、Apache压力测试等与Apache相关的知识,希望能对大家有所帮助。